If you want to be a good primary school teacher, you must have some specific teaching strategies in primary school. In a primary class, young students have various talents. Also, they come from different background. So, the teacher must have different teaching strategies. Teaching strategies include different techniques and methods to support the students in their learning process.
The teacher needs to adapt the strategy by the selected topic, learning stage, and learning capacity. They set different teaching strategies in primary school to reach the different goals of the learning process. The success of the teaching strategies is proved in trial methods.
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Teaching strategies in primary school
The following strategies need to be added in the toolkit of the teachers while they are teaching in the primary schools. It is not mandatory to apply the teaching techniques in every teaching session.
But as a primary teacher, you need to be careful about
- The standard of the class,
- The learning capacity of the students,
- And the expected outcome from them.
Based on that you need to craft the teaching strategies in primary school. You can select or develop or modify the teaching techniques based on the past performance of this class and the current one. Here we are discussing 10 such important teaching strategies in primary school.
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No.1 Try to understand the student of your class
The first thing you need to understand the students of the class and the learning needs. You need to earn respect from the students. To enrich the learning experience, the bonding between students and teachers should be strong. You need to learn your students from the first moment you met them.
Also, You need to find the point that might break the barriers to the learning process. Primary teachers often overlook this simple and effective strategy in their teaching strategies. The teacher can approach individually to the students by asking their introduction. You might ask them about their likings, disliking, and hobbies.
That will help the teacher know the kids better. This communication should be continuous on different other topics other than the syllabus. You can share a few interesting and examples of real-world happenings to make the teaching session interesting. That will help to make a strong bridge between the students and teachers.
No.2 Effective assessments (formative and summative) process
These processes are effective but ignored by the primary teachers often.
Formative assessments are taking place regularly or daily to understand the progress of the students. This also helps to measure the level of understanding after the teaching session. This diagnoses the teaching capacity, the understanding level of the students, and the efficiency of the applied teaching techniques after each session.
The teacher should take a little assessment of the taught topic to understand whether the students could adapt that or not or how many of them could understand the lessons and how much. Based on that the teacher can modify their teaching strategy or continue the old one.
Summative assessments are held after a long time gap. This might be held one or two times a year. The teacher completes the entire syllabus or a part of the syllabus within a given time and then summative assessments take place to understand the students’ performance.
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No.3 Importance of vocabulary
Teachers often do not emphasize teaching vocabulary. Teachers need to focus on that to empower the students with relevant vocabularies. That will make the students comfortable and confident while explaining. Teachers should teach subject-specific words to their students other than the general words. That will enrich their writing and speaking capacities.
No.4 Explicit instruction
This technique is teacher-oriented and direct-instruction-based. Teachers emphasize frequent questioning. Thus they help the students to understand different topics. In this learning process, the student’s concentration is essential. They should not get destructed in this teaching technique.
No.5 The technique of effective questioning
Questioning is an effective parameter to gauge and judge the performances of the students. This reveals the actual effectiveness of the teaching session. It will state the level of students’ understanding of a topic. There are few basic questions like ‘how come?’ or ‘are you sure?’ to understand whether the basics of the topic are clear to the students or not.
If the students can answer the alternative ways of the topic. That will establish that the students understand the entire topic. So, each teaching session should contain a series of questions between the students and the teacher. This will make the learning process effective.
No.6 Deliberate practice
This is considered to be the most effective teaching technique to introduce a new concept to the students. This technique breaks down the topic into a sub-sill series. Each of these sub-skills needs to be practised. 5 steps are involved in this teaching technique. They are
- Isolating the skills
- Developing skills
- Assess them
- Final performance
- Retrieve practice
These teaching techniques will state the skill sets of the students in a class. Thus the teacher becomes aware of the individual student and sharpens their skills as required.
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This is critical to implement for the primary classes. If the strategy is implemented poorly, there might be certain risks associated. The differentiation strategies like phase learning and interleaving are beneficial significantly for the primary students especially in formative assessments and math manipulative.
There are also few more effective teaching techniques are available for the wellbeing of the students. They are a mix of inquiry-based learning and interleaving and spaced practice.
This technique bridges between the students’ performances and their recognition. This encourages the class in the process of active learning. The students become motivated to present their best performances for earning recognition. The students net to get the recognition and praise from the teacher to perform to their fullest. This teaching technique increases the learning opportunities of the students.
This a low-cost and highly effective teaching technique. Metacognition is incorporated into the primary classes by an effective questioning approach. This will help the teacher to think about the student’s thought process to reply to the questions they were asked.
Thus the teacher can plan, self-evaluate the teaching methods, and self-monitor. This will modify the teaching technique as required. This will also provide a process of effective learning. Every teacher needs to go through this process to self-update and make the teaching sessions effective and interesting for the students.
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No.10 Personalized learning
This is a little difficult to introduce this technique in a big class. But this is only possible if the teacher has a rapport with the students. The teacher can approach students with personalized questions. The teacher can recognize and analyse the weaknesses and strengths of the students by identifying individually.
This also helps the teacher to plan a lesson according to the overall standard of the class. So that every student can understand the topic. The students should not feel ignored in the class. This will help to increase the concentration and interest of the students and make each session effective.
The students of the primary sections need more effective learning to secure their academic careers. At this stage, students’ learning power remains at the peak. With effective guidance, they can make a good base of leaning. Teachers can only make it happen through effective teaching strategies in primary school. This will help the students to develop more concentration, better performance skills, confidence, and creativity.
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